In the following article, some sentences have been removed. For Questions41-45, choose the most suitable one from the list A-G to fit into each of thenumbered blanks. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of theblanks. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET1.(10 points)
Inthemoviesandontelevision,artificialintelligenceistypicallydepictedassomethingsinisterthat will upend our way of life. When it comes to AI in business, we often hearabout it in
relation to automation and the impending loss of jobs, but in whatways is AI changing companies and the larger economy that don’t involvedoom-and-gloom mass unemploymentpredictions?
ArecentsurveyofmanufacturingandserviceindustriesfromTataConsultancyServicesfoundthat companies currently use AI more often in computer-to-computer activitiesthan in automating human activities. One common application? Preventingelectronic security breaches, which, rather than eliminating IT jobs, actuallymakes those personnelmore valuable to employers, because they help firms preventhackingattempts.
Here are a few other ways AI is aiding companies without replacingemployees:
Better hiring practices
Companiesareusingartificialintelligencetoremovesomeoftheunconsciousbiasfromhiringdecisions.“Thereareexperimentsthatshowthat,naturally,theresultsofinterviewsaremuchmorebiasedthanwhatAIdoes,”saysPédroDomingos,authorofTheMasterAlgorithm:HowtheQuestfor the Ultimate Learning Machine Will Remake Our World and a computerscience41One company that’s doing this is called Blendoor. It uses analytics to helpidentify where there may be bias in the hiringprocess.
More effective marketing
Some AI software can analyze and optimize marketing email subject lines toincrease open rates. One company in the UK, Phrasee, claims their software canoutperform humans by up to 10 percent when it comes to email open rates. Thiscan mean millions more in revenue. 42Theseare“toolsthathelppeopleusedata,notareplacementforpeople,”saysPatrickH.Winston, a professor of artificial intelligence and computer science at MIT.
Saving customers money
Energy companies can use AI to help customers reduce their electricitybills, saving them money while helping the environment. Companies can alsooptimize their own energy use and cut down on the cost of electricity. Insurancecompanies, meanwhile, can base their premiums on AImodelsthatmoreaccuratelyaccessrisk.“Before,theymightnotinsuretheoneswhofeltlikeahighrisk or charge them too much,” says Domingos,43
“Machine learning often provides a more reliable form of statistics, whichmakes data more valuable,” says Winston. It “helps people make smarterdecisions.”44
Protecting and maintaining infrastructure
A number of companies, particularly in energy and transportation, use AIimage processing technology to inspect infrastructure and prevent equipmentfailure or leaks before they happen. “If they fail first and then you fix them,it’s very expensive,” says Domingos.45
[A] I replaces the boring parts of your job. If you’re doing research, youcan have AI go out and look for relevant sources and information that otherwiseyou just wouldn’t have timefor.
[B] One accounting firm, EY, uses an AI system that helps review contractsduring an audit. This process, along with employees reviewing the contracts, isfaster and moreaccurate.
[C]TherearealsocompanieslikeAcquisio,whichanalyzesadvertisingperformanceacrossmultiplechannels like Adwords, Bing and social media and makes adjustments orsuggestions about where advertising funds will yield bestresults.
[D]You want to predict if something needs attention now and point to whereit’s useful for employees to go to.
[E]Before, they might not insure the ones who felt like a high risk orcharge them too much, or they would charge them too little and then it wouldcost [the company] money.
[F]We’re also giving our customers better channels versus picking up thephone to accomplish something beyond human scale.
[G]AI looks at résumés in greater numbers than humans would be able to, andselects the more promising candidates.
42. C 本题解题关键在于42题前后句子，前两句提及到的关键词One company,后一句提到关键代词these说明42题的句子中涉及到复数名词，并且这些是与tools工具相关内容，C选项中不仅提到与one company 对应的 alsocompanies, 而且后半句也提及到的multiple channels是典型的复数名词，故C为正确答案。
44. B本题与43题相似，只有上文可参考推断，同时可借助小标题的内容，本段小标题的内容与提高准确性相关，故整段内容也会围绕此话题展开，观察上句提到机器学习能够帮助人们做更智能的决定，综合考虑所有选项，B选项中提到的moreaccurate 与小标题的提高效率完全相符，并且也符合议论文行文特点：论点+论据，故B为正确答案。
内容，上句话的主语为they和you,因此下一句的主语很大可能保持不变，内容主要是讲的是如果他们刚开始坏了，然后你需要修理他们，这样带来的修理费用会很昂贵，纵观选项，首先符合主语要求的只有D选项，并且D选项的内容提到一个关键词是predict,与上文中的内容AIimage processing technology to inspect infrastructure and prevent equipmentfailure，要检查并预防设备出问题在逻辑上保持一致，故D为正确答案。