??He adds that the systems and hierarchies in place “are creating biases / that are shifting attention and resources around / in ways that are not maybe reflective of our ideals of the meritocracy”.
1. reflective: showing that something is true about a situation
2. meritocracy: a social system that gives the greatest power and highest social positions to people with the most ability
关于not maybe reflective of our ideals of the meritocracy的理解需要联合正文中的这一段话：“The myth of the meritocracy, that productivity is tied to some sort of inherent characteristics about a person, doesn’t really seem to be supported by the data,” says Clauset. “Instead, we find these environmental factors that seem to explain differences in average productivity.”（因篇幅有限，推文未摘取本段）
Money was one of Qatar’s chief attractions. Its team are Asian champions, but few consider them contenders. In fact, the national side has never qualified for a World Cup before (it is playing this time because the host country qualifies automatically). But it is a financial force, and keen to promote itself as a modern, developed country. Solid numbers are scarce, but the current World Cup is almost certainly the most expensive ever staged. The stadiums alone are said to have cost $6.5bn.
金钱是卡塔尔的主要吸引力之一。它的球队是亚洲冠军，但很少有人认为他们是竞争者。事实上，这个国家的国家队以前从未获得过世界杯参赛资格（这次是因为东道国自动获得参赛资格）。这个国家经济实力雄厚，热衷于将自己标榜为一个现代化的发达国家。虽然缺少确凿的数据，但几乎可以确定本届世界杯是有史以来成本最贵的一届。据说仅体育场就耗资 65 亿美元。
Three ideas arekicking about. The first is to stage the World Cup every two years rather than every four. The second, which FIFA’s governing council approved shortly before the pandemic, is tobeef upan existing mid-season tournament named the Club World Cup, a worldwide equivalent to the Champions League. Eye-popping prize money was to be provided—in exchange for a 49% share—by aconsortiumled by SoftBank, a Japanese firm with a penchant for big, risky bets, and Saudi Arabia, which hoped to host the resulting tournament.
The third, and the most likely to happen, is an expansion of the Nations League, a tournament introduced in 2018 by UEFA in place of friendlies. FIFA wants other continents to adopt the format, and for the best teams to stage a “Global Nations League” every four years under its purview. UEFA has responded by inviting South American countries to join the European Nations League from 2024, cutting FIFA out. Either plan would boost the Nations League as a direct rival to the World Cup.
The World Cup itself isdestinedto carry on growing. The Qatar tournament features 32 teams, twice as many as played during the 1970s. The 2026 event, hosted by America, Canada and Mexico, will feature 48. That will mean more matches between no-hopers—but will also direct a larger share of the revenue to the world’s 211 national footballing federations.
Meanwhile, bids for the 2030 World Cup are already being prepared. Saudi Arabia, a bitter geopolitical rival of Qatar’s, is keen to host a World Cup of its own. In theory, eligibility criteria shouldprecludeanother Middle Eastern country acting as host for the next two tournaments. But Saudi Arabia hashitchedits bid to those of Greece and Egypt, in the hope that it will therefore count as European or African. The kingdom says it will pay to build stadiums in both countries.
英/ k??n??s????ti??m /美/ k??n??s????r??i??m /
英/ ??dest??n /美/ ??dest??n /
英/ pr????klu??d /美/ pr????klu??d /
v.阻止，妨碍（preclude sb. from）
英/ h??t?? /美/ h??t?? /
1.kick about 反抗；非正式地考虑；被闲置于；到处游荡
2.beef up 加强（增援，充实）；补充（人数，兵力）等
原句：Solid numbers are scarce, but the current World Cup is almost certainly the most expensive ever
结构：Solid numbers are scarce, but XX is almost certainly XX.
例句：Solid numbers are scarce, but people work harder and pay more tend is almost certainly to gain more.
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